Basics Of HTML For Professional Web Design

Basics Of HTML For Professional Web Design

HTML is a language used for professional web design. Hyper text markup language is full form of html. It is a standard which is used by World Wide Web documents. A program called browser to view documents. It is not a programming language even though it is termed as a language. The basic element of an HTML page and therefore any document on the web is ASCII text. HTML uses tags and it is represented by angle brackets < and >. Any text which is contained by angle brackets is considered as an HTML tag by the browser and interpreted accordingly. Since HTML uses ASCII text the web documents are delivered over the network such that they are not platform dependent. Hence only a web browser is required which can interpret HTML files irrespective of whether it is running on a machine using windows or Unix or Macintosh or any other operating system or hardware platform. Web pages for professional web design can be easily created using any simple text editor. In Windows 95 one can use notepad or WordPad. All HTML files are plain ASCII text files with .htm or .html extension. Web browsers used to view the files are internet explorer or Netscape navigator or Netscape communicator. The first HTML tags that are used are document tags. These tags are required for every HTML page that is created in professional web design. Different parts of the document are defined by them. An HTML document has two distinct parts namely a head and a body. The head of the HTML document contains the title of the page and other commands. To create the head portion of HTML document and to give the document a title following text is entered into the text editor.
head
title a web page / title
/head
This tells a web browser that information should be included in head portion of the document and by what name should it call the document in the title bar of the browser window. Most of the work is done inside body. The text is entered here; headlines and graphics are also part of body section. To add the body section start after the /head tag and enter the following.
body
/body
Between these two tags one has to enter the rest of the text and graphics for professional web designs. In order that all web browsers recognize that this is an HTML document one needs to add some tags on either side of the head and body tags which we have created. Before the first head tag enter the following.
HTML
After the last /body tag enter the following in the document.
/HTML

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